About Parliament | History | State symbols | Chartist checkbox | Did you know?
Queensland's Parliament is the only State Parliament with one House, the Legislative Assembly. In 1922, the Theodore Labor Government abolished the Legislative Council, making Queensland's Parliament the first unicameral Parliament in Australia.
There are currently 89 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs), each from a single electoral division. Members are elected for a term of up to three years, using the optional preferential voting system.
Voting in Queensland State elections is compulsory for all citizens aged 18 years or over who have been living in the State for a month or more.
Queensland was originally part of the Colony of New South Wales and was known as the Moreton Bay District. It has its origins in a penal colony established at Redcliffe in 1824.
The people of the Moreton Bay District agitated for a number of years to gain self-rule. This was achieved in 1859 when Queensland became a separate colony.
Queensland's first Parliament was a form of responsible government but it was not a democratically elected parliament unlike the parliaments of other Australian colonies at this time. The Constitution Act 1869 passed by the Queensland Parliament brought responsible government to Queensland.
After 1905, all men and women aged 21 and over who were British or became naturalised as Queenslanders were allowed to vote. The current voting rights came into effect in 1973.
Queensland has no official colours, but state sporting teams traditionally wear maroon.
The Chartist checklist was a series of demands for responsible and representative government that spread throughout the Australian colonies from the mid-19th century.
Queensland (Self-government from 1859)
||Date right achieved for Assembly
|Universal adult male suffrage
|No property qualifications for Members of Parliament
|Payment of Members of Parliament
||A 10% variance from the quota is tolerated, but
the largest (in area) five districts in the state receive rural weightage.
|Adult female suffrage
|Voting rights for Indigenous Australians
||Indigenous people were granted the right to vote for the State Parliament in 1965.
Did you know?
- Queensland did not send delegates to the constitutional conventions of 1897–98. Many Queenslanders, particularly those from Brisbane, thought federation would bring too much competition from New South Wales businesses.
Electoral Commission Queensland